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Women Empowerment Essay in English
Women who account for more than fifty per cent of population in India were held in high es teem in ancient India . The position of a woman inthe religious scriptures was that of a deity According to what is described in the Manusiriti, a woman was regarded as a precious being who had to be protected first by her father, then by her husband and finally by her son.
With the passage of timethings have changed radically. Todaywomen are proving to be one of the main drivers of economyHistory has it that it was women who pioneered the Indian econ omy.
Zero economics was their contribution to the concept of economyIt is said that women collected wood and dry leaves in a heap in the junglelit fire to it and roasted the borrowed grains on the fireThe resultant merchandise was divided between the donor and the doer. They sold their share and earned profit which helped them subsist.
This was Zero economics The investment was in the form of labour. This shows women are enterprising by natureUn fortunatelythis entrepreneurship was not en couragedInstead, they were subdued by men Muscle and money power dominated the soci ety and since men wielded these powerswomen were left subjugated. Men regarded themselves superior to women Things have though, changed in modern times.
Government too recognised, though be latedlythe role of women and ushered in the new millennium by declaring the year 2001 as ‘womens empowerment year.
The Constitution guarantees equality to women. It also empowers the state to adopt measures of positive dis- crimination in favour of women. Latelythere has been a shift in the approach to women’s issues from welfare to development. The em powernment of Women has been recognised as one of the yardsticks for measuring and deter mining the status of women. Attempts are now being made to implement special programmes to ensure flow of benefits, including credit flows through Self-Help Groups (SHGs) channels, to women from other developmental sectors These are aimed at enabling women to function as equal partners and participants in the devel opment process.
Banks, particularly the public sector banksare playing key role in promoting women entrepreneurs through various schemes and programmes. Todaythere are seven Indian banks private and publicsthat are headed by Women.
For long women were tied down to areas where they couldnurture, mouldand cajole. In a sense it was an extension of their mothering capabil ities. Soldieringmanufacturing, stock broking banking and finance were kept out from their purview as ‘male-only’ areas. It was thought these required clinical and analytical skill and ruthless decision making which they with high emotional quotients and empathywould not be able to execute. The attitude is changing nowIn a culture where the womans role is reversed and the wife is always a homemaker even if an execu tiveit has taken a shift in mindset.
Empowerment of women became one of the nine primary objectives of the 9th Plan. It at tempted covergence of existing services avail able in both women-specific and women-related sectors. The Tenth Plan is specifically focussed on empowering women’ as agents of social and economic empowerment, and gender justiceIn the recent times, women have scaled heights in several fields. From premium liquor brands and coffee chains to oil drilling majors, companies have began to hire women employees and exec- utivesallowing them flexible working arrange ments including long sabbaticals and special counselling. These steps though belatedly taken have helped in substantially improving the po sition of women These have brought about an economic emancipation of women which, in turn, are having a salutary effect on their over all status in society. In this male-dominated so cietywomen are slowly but surely making their presence felt. Women currently occupy 14 per cent of senior managerial positions in corporate India.
This demonstrates that the companies employing them have become sensitive to the needs of the women employees. Recently passed companies Act mandates that listed companies have at least one woman as director on its Board.
It is old fashioned to think women cannot do what men can doThere is hardly any field where women are not competing with men. They are in the armed forces, they are in automobile industries: they are flying com mercial aircraft: they have taken to running locomotives: they are running taxis, auto-rick shaws, carrying passengers to their destinations They are successful bus conductors and drivers They are everywhere Who can forget Kalpana chawla, the women astronaut from India? In various competitive examinationsthey are not only excellingthey are beating their male coun terparts hands down Their visibility has im proved manifold.
They have successfully moved outdoors and made impact. It can no longer be said that they are good only for indoor activ ities. In ancient times tod, there were women philosophers like Maitreyi and Garg who were much respected for their wisdom and knowledge and participated in discussions and discourses on equal footing with men. They played a sig nificant and important role in Indian freedom struggle as well, History seems to be repeating itself.
Yes, the fact of the matter ismuch needs to be done to improve their lot at all levels of society. It would appear as though some of us have not been able todigest their success and have contin ued to deny them their rightful place in society Often, their success is looked down upon as con cessions allowed to themThe fact of the matter is, they have been subjugated for so long that it has become a habit with many of us to want them to play second fiddle to men. That they are emerging out of mens shadow is notgoing down very well with a section of society On the one hand, they are progressing by leaps and bounds; on the other hand, atrocities are being commit tedon them day in andday out.
It would be diff cult to believe that the instances of gangrape of women that are on ascendancy are attributable to men’s criminal mentality alone, Somewhere it is the dormant but violent tendency of men being superior to women that is expressive of these mass scale rapes taking place with im punity. Foeticide is also indicative of the same mentalityEven though it is long established that it is the girl child who is more helpful to parentsthere is a growing tendency to commit infanticideThis is already having an impact on the population pattern of the countryand that is dangerous.
Empowerment of women should not just be a slogan. It must be a well thought out, well worked policy of the government. A woman on any given day is a better cementing force than man insofar as integration of society is con cerned. If the value systemwhich has taken a beating in the recent times, has to regain its lost sheen, women must be given the place of pride in societyCrimes against them must be frnly dealt with. Far from being weaker sex, they are the most powerful element in our so cietyA nation or a society can realise its full potential only when women are allowed to re alise their potential without let or hindrance.
It is not for nothing that women are called ‘bet ter halfy So, this better half, which is also the other half of the population, should be treated with care and respect. If we neglect this half, our progress will remain limited to the half of it onlyAs per the Gender Gap Survey 2013India ranks as one of the lowest in womens education, healtheconomic participation and opportunity The survey cautioned that these are detrimental to India’s growthThe heartening news is that 23 per cent of senior positions in the field of human resources, 16 per cent in financial sectors and 10 percent in the sale segment are held by women in India.
The government too should show its firm commitment to empowerment of Women. Mere tokenism would not serve the purpose of nation buildingWomens Bill awaiting passage from the Parliament wouldgo along way in empower ing women as it will put them in a vantage po- sition from where they can help initiate steps for improving nutrition and health issues of women as also steps to contain and eliminate cases of foeticide and infanticide
Subsist(v) support oneself, exist, live, survive Subdued (adi) in a softened tonerestrained in style or qualityquieted and brought under con trol, chastened, kept downwield (V) have and exercisehandle effectively. Subjugated (adj) reduced to submissionBelatedly (adv) later than usual or expected, tardilylatecajole- (v) influence or urge by gentle urgingcaressing or flattering. Quotients(n) numbers, ratios Empathy (n) fellow feelingsympathy. Sabbat icals(n) a leave usually taken every seventh year. Emancipation (n) freeingliberation, re lease, Salutary (adi) tending to promote physi cal well-beingDormant(adj) in a state of bio logical rest or in suspended animation, inactive. Impunity (n) exemption from punishment or loss. Foeticide (n) the act of destroying a foe tusaborticideInfanticide (n) a person who murders an infant, murder of an infant. Vantage (n) place or situation affording some advantage
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