Hello Friend This is special category for our small reader who study in school. If they looking for english essay for their school homework or any kind of english essay article then this special category might help you all guyz. in this article we will share Human Rights Essay in English for all classs children and student . Initially we have published 300 word and 1000 word article for Human Rights.
Essay on Human Rights in English
The United Nations Charter re-affirmed its faith in fundamental human rights, in the dig nity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights and of men and women. The pur pose is to promote respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without any distinction.
The promotion of human rights has to be seen as an end to be pursued in its own right and not as incidental to the promotion of any other purpose Human rights are inherent in our nature and without which we cannot live as human beings.
This means there are some rights of men and Women that cannot be violated even by the stateThis puts limits on the powers of the state over the individual. Human rights are those minimal rights that every individual must have by virtue of being a member of the human family irrespective of other considerations.
They are inalienable rights of men, and a state that violates them in its laws and its actions breaches one of the basic prerequisites of civil co-exis tence between states and, thus, it can be made accountable .
A number of international instruments have come up that not only codify human rights but also draw up measures for their imple mentation. Some of such instruments are In ternational covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural RightsInternational covenant on Civil and Political Rights and Optional Protocol to the Civil Covenant.
India has played an important role in the drafting of the Universal Declara tion of Human Rights and many of the articles are incorporated in the constitution in the form of fundamental rights and directive principles.
But while it ratified the covenants on civil and political rights, India had reservations on Op tional Protocol which aimed at abolishing death penalty and chose not to ratify the convention on the Rights of Migrant Workers.
While human rights are classined into various categories traditionally the distinction has been between civil and political rights on the one hand andeconomic, social and cultural rights on the other. States may prioritise them according to what suits them the best,
all categories are interdependent and indivisible. Poverty is one of the most important causes of the violation of human rightsespecially in the developing coun tries such as India. In one of the landmark judge mentsthe Supreme Court expanded the scope of Article 21 of the Constitution by incorporating the right to food, clothing and shelter in the term of life.
Right to life is not limited only to bodily life. It goes well beyond that to include the right to live with dignity and that all that goes with it.
Solidarityright is another human right which includes the right to economic, political, social and cultural self-determination, the right to economic and social development, right to participate in and benefit from the common heritage of mankind right to peace, to a healthy and balanced environment and the right to human disaster relief These rights are basically collective in nature and can be realized through international cooperation as these rights are the consequence of globalisation.
Human rights can transform the functioning of a democracy to make it more participative in nature by constantly challenging the vested interests who have divided the Society between ‘haves’ and have-nots. In a country as populous as India with a large number of illiteratesit is always difficult to enforce human rights.
The problem is further compounded because of plu ral and feudal nature of society. Severe discrimi . nation and exploitation of those belonging to the lower strata of society still prevail.
Some of the most vulnerable sections of Indian society are women and children. Protecting their human rights is of dire necessityViolations of human rights also arise out of political prob lems and the proactive role the states play.
The Central Government brought forth the Protec tion of Human Rights Act, 1993 and established National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) as a statutory body The Commission has taken up programmes that range from civil rights protection, the policeprisons and a host of statutes impinging on civil rights to the spread of primary education, abolition of child labour, child prostitution, and arsenic contamination of water and nutritional problems of children.
The issue of appalling conditions in Indian jails has been seriously addressed by NHRCIt has pre pared a ModelPrison Billto address this problem but inhuman conditions continue to prevail in most jails of the country as the government has chosen not to bring in legislation.
Instances of arbitrary arrests and detention are requent in various states of India despite assurances of safe guards to protect detainees during arrest and detention But, it is the child-related abuses and violations that are a blot on the record of human rights
in the country This is intrinsic in our society Child labour is one of the pressing issues in India. Allied to this is the problem of bonded child labour. This refers to the phenomenon of children working in conditions of servitude to pay off debts of their parents and according to an estimate there are not less than fifteen million children forced to work in appalling and in human conditions. The government has abjectly failed to enforce the child Labour Act and the Bonded Labour Act. Child prostitution is a huge problem in India.
Education, most believe, is the solution to many of the problems of human rights. UN has assigned a special role to education and has for mulated guidelines for human rights education.
Such education must aim at fostering an attitude oftolerance,respect and solidarity inherent in human rights, provide knowledge of its na tional and international dimensions and develop awareness among individuals of the ways of translating them into social and political reali ties. In India where illiteracy abounds, education on human rights will be possible only after the literacy level is raised.
The Supreme Court drew the attention of the state to the Article 45 of the Constitution which confers an enforceable fun damental right to education on all children up to the age of 14 The government has put in place the Right to Education Act. But infrastructure to meet this challenge is yet to be put in place Human rights teaching will have to be based on the values and ethos of society so that it is effectiveWe need to allay the fallacious im pression that it is a Western concept.
Since time immemorial, this has been familiar in Indias civilisation centuries before the west had come to life. Human rights in various forms have been the cultural heritage of mankind. Human rights are about human dignity that needs to be upheld at all costs.
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