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Essay on my country
India is my country. It lies in the Asian continent. It is the seventh largest country in the world. It extends from Kashmir in the north to Kanyakumari in the south. It is the home of more than a billion people. Population-wise, India is the second largest country in the world.
My great country is a land of perennial rivers, high mountains, lakes and deserts. It is vast and beautiful. Many languages are spoken in my country. All religions co-exists in our society. People are bound by love for their motherland. Indian festivals are famous for their joy and colourfulness.
The Taj Mahal’ which is one of the seven wonders of the world is in India. I am proud of being an Indian. I shall live and die for the sake of my country.
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Essay on my country
India is my country and I am proud of it. I believe in letter and spirit what Sir Walter Scott, a famous poet and novelist has said about one’s native land:
“Breathes there the man with soul so dead,
Who never to himself has said,
‘This is my own, my native land?”
Scott believes that such a man just cannot exist.
Even a small sparrow living in a small nest, loving dearly its young ones, loves the nest more than its own life. Then why should man be less than even a sparrow? It will be the height of ingratitude on the part of a man not to love his country, his native land.
Many people in the world believe in the dictum: “My country, right or wrong.” But extreme nationalism leads to chauvinism which is harmful to the interests of mankind. We should try to be nationalists aS well as internationalists like Gandhi and Tagore. In the modern world, of course, the geographical boundaries are fast disappearing as more and more men and women are emerging as citizens of the world.
Even from India, many people have emigrated to countries such as America, England, Australia, New Zealand, Italy, Canada, etc. Many of them hold green cards and others have obtained citizenship there.
Even the Non-resident Indians (NRIs) love India, at least, most of them. There is a couplet in Urdu in this connection which can be thus translated into English:
“Far from the orchard the nightingale recalls its nest; Away from my native land, I recall my home with zest.” India is a vast country. Even in the matter of total land area it is a big country by any stretch of imagination. Therefore, it is called a sub-continent. Once the areas comprising Pakistan and Bangladesh were also part of India. At the time of partition, they got separated from India as West and East Pakistan. Later in 1971, East Pakistan, after a bloody, revolutionary struggle attained freedom from the cruel, partisan rulers of West Pakistan who virtually controlled East Pakistan as their freedom. Still earlier in history, even Sri Lanka, Myanmar (Burma),Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand and even major parts of Afghanistan were part of India, as probably in the reign of King Ashoka, the great.
In the matter of population, India is second only to China, India _isa densely populated country. This mammoth population is a great problem for India. Although she has rich resources and was once known as “the Golden Sparrow,” yet now she is a poor developing
country even more than sixty five years after attaining Independence, mainly because of this rapid increase in population. india has made tremendous progress in various fields like agriculture and irrigation, industry, engineering and pharmaceutical goods, in particular, in Information Technology, inSpace Research and nuclear science. At the time of Independence, India was a country which depended for most of its necessities on foreign countries. Now, India is making and manufacturing almost everything for its needs-from the smallest pin or needle to the biggest ship, aircraft, atom bomband even spacecraft.
India has the lofty Himalayas to the north, a large part of which lies within India. In the south, she has the Indian Ocean and the countries like Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Indonesia. India’s boundaries touch Bangladesh and Nepal in the north-east, Myanmmar and China in the east, Pakistan and Afghanistan in the west-north. She has the Arabian Sea in the west and far at some distance lies the large continent of Africa. The imaginary Equator is situated not very far off from the southernmost tip of India, while the Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of India in the dry tracts of Rajasthan. India has a unity in diversity in all respects. She has cold lofty hills of Siachen and Kargil and hot dry regions of Rajasthan. The south, being near the Equator isa hot regional most the whole year. – There is extreme of climate in Punjab, Haryana and most of north India. The Himalayan peaks and some peaks in Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir remain covered with snow almost the whole year.
if most of Rajasthan remains a dry desert almost the whole year because of the Tropic of Cancer and the structure of the Aravali hills which are shaped parallel to the direction of the monsoon winds from the Arabian Sea, Assam is wet almost the whole year. Cherrapunji which is situated in this state is the wettest place on the earth, recording about 600 inches of rain per year. The Indian people belong to different religions, castes and races. They speak different languages. They wear different dresses. They have different food habits. Yet, they are Indians, first and last.
India is a federation of 29 states and 7 union territories. It has a democratic set-up based on theParliamentary system of government. it is a republic with the President as the head of the state. The real Power lies in the union cabinet headed by the Prime Minister.
There are two houses of Parliament-the Lok Sabha, the lower house and the Rajya Sabha, the upper house. The main legislative power lies with the lower house which is elected by the people for a term of five years. There is a similar system in the states. The President is the head of the government, while the Prime Minister and his council of ministers are the elected representatives of the people..
India has a Panchayati system at the grass roots level. There is an independent judiciary to interpret the Constitution which is the longest in the world. There are High Courts at the state level and district and other lower courts at lower level. There are also municipal corporations in big cities and municipal committees in small towns. Unfortunately, India has a hostile neighbour who like India isa nuclear power but is always at loggerheads with India, India is the land of great peace-lovers like the Buddha, Guru Nanak and Gandhi. She has friendship with all countries. Only Pakistan has spurned all her peace offers and the Kashmir problem has become a great headache for India.
About 30 per cent of population of India still lives below the poverty line. There are also other problems like unemployment, wide- spread corruption, etc. Indian government is trying to over come and solve all the problems with the cooperation of the people. Let us hope for the best.
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