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DR BR Ambedkar Essay in English
Bim rao Ramji Ambedkar popularly known as Babasaheb, is also called the father of Indian Constitution. Ambedkar’s efforts to eradicate the Social evils like untouchability and caste restrictions were remarkable. Ambedkar was appointed as independent India’s first Law Minister in the Cabinet of Jawaharlal Nehru. He was a well-known politician and an eminent jurist. On 14 April, 1891, Ambedkar was born into a poor low Mahar caste in Madhya Pradesh. Mahar Caste was treated as untouchables and was subjected to socio-economic discrimination.
Ambedkar’s father used his position in the army to get the admission of his children in a government school, yet they were not given much attention. With much difficulty and amid immense discrimination, he completed his school, and later Completed his graduation from the University of Bombay to become the first One from his caste to attain such high qualification. In 1912, the Maharaja of Baroda gave him the scholarship to study at Columbia University. Hence, he moved to America to Complete his masters and Phd in economics. Later, he enrolled at the London School of Economics where he started work on a doctoral thesis.
After returning to India, he became the professor of political economics in Mumbai. In 1919, Ambedkar demanded reservations for untouchables and other backward communities from the government.
Also while practicing law in the Bombay High Court he tried to educate the ‘untouchables’ it in order to uplift them. For the protection of Dalit rights, he started many periodicals like Mook Nayak, Bahishkrit Bharat and Equality Janta. By 1927, Ambedkar decided to launch active movements against untouchability with several public movements and marches
Due to Ambedkar’s prominence and popular support amongst untouchable Community, he was invited to attend the Round Table Conference in London in 1932 and was assured of some reservations for the Dalits. In 1936, Ambedkar founded the Independent Labour Party, which contested the 1937 Bombay election to the Central Legislative Assembly. Ambedkar had also written several books particularly talking about the issue of untouchability.
Upon India’s independence on 15 August, 1947, the new Congress-led government invited Ambedkar to serve as the nation’s first Law Minister, which he accepted. On 29 August, he was appointed Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee, given charge by the Assembly to write India’s new Constitution. The text prepared by Ambedkar provided constitutional guarantees and protections for a wide range of civil liberties for individual citizens, including freedom of religion, the abolition of untouchability and the outlawing of all forms of discrimination.
Ambedkar argued for extensive economic and social rights for women, and also won assembly’s support for introducing a system ms of jobs in the civil services, Schools and Colleges for members of scheduled castes, Scheduled tribes and other backward class. the constitution was adopted on 20 November, 1040, by the Constituent Assembly.
Ambedkar was the first Indian to pursue Economics doctorate degree abroad. According to him the industrialisation agricultural industry growth Could enhance the nation. He supported economic and social development of the society for nation’s progress. In 1956, he got converted to buddhism in a public ceremony.
after suffering from health problems for long. Ambedkar died in his sleep on 6 December, 1956 at his home in Delhi. His birthday is celebrated as a public holiday known as Ambedkar Jayanti or Dh1m Jayant. He was awarded Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1990.
His memorials can be found at various places across India, along With VerSites and airports named after him. Obama, referring to Ambedkar’, spoke about his belief that “every person can fulfil his God-given potential just as a Dalit like Dr Ambedkar Could lift himself up and pen the words of the Constitution that protects the rights of all Indians ………”
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