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Bhagat Singh Essay in English
Bhagat Singh was born on 27 September, 1907 in a Sikh family in village Banga in Lyallpur district of Punjab (present day Pakistan). His family had been actively involved in the Indian independence movement and patriotism flowed in his blood. As a child, Bhagat Singh was enrolled at Dayanand Anglo Vedic School in Lahore. There he came into contact with some well-known political leaders like Lala Lajpat Rai and Ras Bihari Bose. In 1919, when Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place, Bhagat Singh was barely 12 years old. The incident really disturbed him. On the next day of the tragic event, Bhagat Singh went to Jallianwala Bagh and collected soil from the spot, and kept it as a memento for the rest of his life. ।
At the age of 14, he was one of those who welcomed protestors against the killing of a large number of unarmed people at gurdwara nankana sahib on 26th February, 1921. He also participated actively in the Mahatma Gandhi led Non-Cooperation Movement in 1921 against the British rule. When Bapu suspended the movement in 1922, Bhagat Singh was greatly disappointed and realised that armed revolution was the only practical way of winning freedom.
Bhagat Singh joined the Young Revolutionary Movement and began to advocate for the violent overthrow of the British from India.
In 1923, he joined National College in Lahore, founded by Lala Lajpat Rai. There he net revolutionaries such as Bhagwat Charan, Sukhdev and others. In 1026, he formed the Indian Nationalist Youth Organisation or ‘Naujawan Bharat Sabha’. In 1998, he attended a meeting of revolutionaries in Delhi and came into Contact with Chandrashekhar Azad, The two formed Hindustan Samajwadi Prajatantra Sangha’,
In 1928, the British Government set up the Simon Commission to report on the political situation in India. The Indian political Parties boycotted the commission for it did not have a single Indian on its panelz
While protesting against the Simon Commission, Lala Lajpat Rai was brutally lathicharged’ and some days later died of a heart attack, which was thought to have been triggered by the shock of the incident.
Bhagat Singh was determined to revenge his mentor’s death by shooting the British official responsible for the killing, Deputy Inspector General Scott. He shot down Assistant Superintendent Saunders instead, mistaking him for Scott. He, later fled Lahore to escape arrest,
On 8th April, 1929, Bhagat Singh along with his accomplice Batukeshwer Dutt threw two bombs in Central Assembly Hall while it was in session, shouting slogans of ‘Inquilab Zindabad‘. They were then arrested. In jail, he went on hunger strike to protest the inhuman treatment meted out to Indian political prisoners. In 193०, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were awarded death Sentence by a special tribunal.
Despite numerous appeals by political leaders of India, Bhagat Singh and his associates were hanged in the early hours of 23rd March, 1931.
Bhagat Singh’s death inspired thousands of youth to assist in the freedom struggle. After his hanging, youth in regions around Northern India rioted in protest against the British Raj. There are various memorials and museums constructed in the memory of the legendary hero, including an 18 foot tall statue of him in the Parliament of India.
The life and struggle of Bhagat Singh continues to inspire the young of India till today. He was voted the ‘Greatest Indian’ in a poll by the magazine India Today in 2008, ahead of Bose and Gandhi. Besides this, several films have been made capturing his life and heroic struggle. To conclude, Bhagat Singh is a national hero that refuses to fade away from the memory of the genuine patriots of the country.
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Bhagat Singh Essay in English
Bhagat Singh was born on 28 September, 1909 at Lyallpur (now in Pakistan) of Kishan Singh and Vidyavati. He received his primary education at his village and later joined the National college, Lahore for further studies. While in college, he came into contact with revolutionary elements and joined the revolutionary movement in 1924.
Young blood flew in his veins. You might know that child marriages were in vogue those days but Bhagat Singh knew his own destiny so he declined to marry so that he could whole heartedly dedicate his life for the cause of the nation. Bhagat Singh was one of those rare courageous people who sacrificed everything they had for the sake of Motherland with broad smile on the lips and great spirits in the mind.
His life was full of action. He founded the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army in association with other revolutionary leaders and led revolutionary activities in the vast stretches of the Punjab, Delhi and United Province (now Uttar Pradesh). He also started the militant Naujawan Bharat Sabha in the Punjab. He planned and executed agitation against the Simon Commission. He attempted to free his revolutionary comrades, Jogesh Chatterji and S.N. Sanyal who were imprisoned in the Kanpur Jail in connection with the famous Kakori Conspiracy case.
Bhagat Singh was angered at the death of Lala Lajpat Rai during an agitation against the British in November, 1928. He planned and executed the killing of J.P. Saunders, Assistant Superintendent of Police, on 17 December the same year. His revolutionary activities went on unabated and the police could never come near him. He haunted the British officers out of their sleep. When he and his comrades planned to throw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi, he came forward. His comrades did not want him to do this job as he had an important role to play as the leader But he stood his ground and said that the throwing of the bomb did not mean to harm anyone rather it was meant to awaken the British government from its slumber.
On 08 April, 1929, Bhagat Singh and two of his comrades, Sukhdev and Rajguru entered the Assembly and threw the bomb in the well where it would not hurt anyone They shouted slogans and threw leaflets to acquaint the leaders and bureaucrats about their feelings and demands and thus doing, they gave themselves up Bhagat Singh and his comrades were arrested and ordered for transportation to life, however, a special tribunal enhanced the sentence to death by hanging in connection with another case.
They utilised the opportunity of the trial to put forward their viewS. And when it came to march to the gallows, the three smilingly offered them selves on the altar of the Motherland singing patriotic songs
It would be incorrect to term Bhagat Singh only a revolutionaryHe was a well-read man He had excellent views on socialism social justice and secularismHe dreamed of a progressive and peaceful India. He had once said that the violence they were indulging in would have no place in independent India. We shall ever remain grateful to this son of the soil.
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