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Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Essay in English
India is a country of jewels. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, also called the Iron Man of India (Lauh Purush), is one the most outstanding jewels of the country. Any Indian at any given point of time should take pride in himIf Gandhiji is credited to have crafted the independence of India, the credit of integrating India must go to Sardar aloneIt was his foresightedness and acumen that ensured that some of the fledgling and splinter groups within the country were wrought together as part of India.
Goa Hyderabad and J&K are classic examples of how he single handedly weaned them away from those trying to tear them away from India. India will ever remain indepted to him for this and many other services he rendered Many believe that if Nehru had paid heed to what he had said about China, India would not have been humiliated in 1962 the way it was. He had forewarned Nehru about the designs of China. Many also believe that if he, not Nehru, were the prime minister, India would have been in a different league today
Vallabhbhai and his elder brother Vithal bhai were sons of a peasant who was also bold and a patriot to the coreTheir father Jhaver bhai Patel was part of the army of Jhansi Ki Rani that fought the British in its first war of independence of 1857.
Both brothers were very enter prising and were known for their grit and determination. Both scaled great heights in academic field.
Vallabhbhai had his primary schooling in his village before moving on to Nadiad and Baroda to pursue his studiesIn school days, he was known for his fearlessness grit and determination. He had a strong will power. He was keen to go to England to study law and for the purpose he had saved some money But on finding that his elder brother was keen to go, he stayed out; and only after his elder brother had completed his studies abroadhe went to England and re turned after completing the course.
He was a full-fledged barrister on returning to India. It was sheer hard work and his intelligence that brought him success and great fame as barrister.
Besides, it was one of the objectives of his life to become a barrister. He achieved this ob jective despite earlier setbacksEven the death of his wife did not come in his way to going to England for studies that would make a barrister.
This speaks of his determination and strong will. It was this trait in his character that was going to stand him in good stead in the days ahead. Meanwhile, Gandhiji had been making political news which drew the attention of Vallabh bhai. He was drawn towards Gandhi like an iron bar is drawn towards magnet. He joined politics in 1918. He began his political career as secretary of provincial political conference under the leadership of Gandhi.
The quality of his work earned him plaudits and he became an instant success in the political arena. One of key elements of his works was to mobilise public opinion against what was called ‘begaar. It was because of his relentless pursdit of this issue with the com missioner that the issue was finally resolved with the closure of this practice.
This reinforced his belief that what Gandhi was preaching was the right path and he whole-heartedly endorsed Gandhi’s principle of non-violence. This brought him closer to Gandhi.
The principle of non-violence was put to severe test by him when he applied this in the dis trict of Khera (also called Kaira) where revenue was forcibly being collected from the peasants, even though the crop had failed due to flood. He resorted to non-violent method of Gandhi and forced the government to return the land it had confiscated on account of non-payment of rev eue.
He carried forward this method again in 1928 when the government was forcing an un just tax on the unwilling peasants in Bardoli. The farmers launched an agitation under his leader ship.
The government had seized peasants’ land for their default. But Vallabhbhai did not budge from his stand. It was along-drawn battle which came to an end only after his elder brother bro kered a truce. Gandhiji was impressed with the spirit of Vallabh bhai and conferred on him the title of Sardar. He was imprisoned for taking part in Salt Satyagraha
He was now a full-fledged political worker. He had completely given up his profession of legal practiceHe also advised his sons not to go to England for pursding their higher studies. Vallabh bhai was also elected the President of the Indian National Congress in 1931. He displayed the same spirit in his fight against Rowlatt Act of 1919. This Act enabled the government todetain anyone without assigning any reason. The success of this movement overwhelmed the government
His organisational skill was unmatched and he was able to feel the pulse of the people. Those as sociated with him believed in him and relied on his ability to lead themIt was precisely because of his popularity with the people and his organi . sational skill that he was elected the president of the party in 1931. The successful election cam paign of 1937 bears testimony to his organisa tional skill. He was publicly applauded for this success. As a consequence of this the Congress was able to form ministries in 7 out of 11 provinces. To keep a tab on the ministries thus formed, he was made the chairman of the parliamentary board.
He was arrested in 1942 for his participation in Quit India Movement and was kept in jail for three yearsIn 1945, when interim government was madeVallabh bhai was made the Congress representative in the government after being re leased from the prison Subsequently in 1946, he became the deputy prime minister.
When India became free in 1947, he became the first Home Minister of India and he had to tackle certain issues on war footing Muslim League launched direct action in several provinces which resulted in communal riots There was total chaos all around.
With the kind lawlessness that prevailed in several parts of the country it required a man of grit and determination at the helm He handled all of these with a great degree of tact and showed immense political acumen in dealing with the volatile situation He differed with Nehru on several issues relating to Kashmir. Historians believe if Nehru had followed his advice the Kashmir issue would not have gone to the UN where it has remained unresolved till date Kashmir continues to be a vexing issue for India. It was largely because of his political acumen that about six hun dred princely states including Hyderabad were merged into India.
Vallabh bhai was the iron man of India and there is no dearth of people who still believe he would have proved to be a more successful prime minister than Nehru was and some of the burn ing issues that still plague India would not have raised their head. He died in 1950 Sardar Vallabh bhai Patel will ever remain etched in the minds of people and the pages of history.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Essay
Often called the Man of iron will, Sardar Ballabh-bhai Patel was the maker of modern India.He was born on 314 October, 1875, in a pa. family of village Karamsad, in Kaira district, His father, Javar Bhai was a great soldier Sardar Patel had his primary educatio in village school and later in a High school at NadiadH to England Study lawAfter returning he to , practiced law
Ahmedabad District Court He became an in . eminent lawyer.
Soon his brilliance and reputation spread all over and he was elected as one of the city Municipal Commisioners in 1915.When Gandhiji started his Civil Disobedient Movement, Patel came into contact with himIn 1918 Kaira Satyagraha, he gave his full co operation to Gandhiji After 1919 ‘Rowlett Act Agtation,Patel rose to became a leader of national prominence. He became the Chief leader of Gujrat. He was arrested by Britishers, while he was lecturing the people on the principle of salt satyagraha. From that time he was known as the Iron man of India’. Then he was appointed the president of Indian National Congress
Sardar Patel devoted his whole life for his countrymen . When he was appointed as the Deputy Prime Minister, he did the unforgettable job. There were many princely states, who were against him, but Sardar Patel crossed all obstructions and strongly faced all problems so efficiently, that all of them accepted his advice Indian Union. His success was and joined complete and spectaculor.
But the life span of this iron-man suddenly broke on 15 December, 1951 at 9.37 a.m. in Birla House. His death was mourned by millions throughout the countryIt was an unbearable loss for all of us.
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