Essay on Newspaper in English For 🙄 Student 😲 Children

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Hello Friend This is special category for our small reader who study in school. If they looking for english essay for their school homework or any kind of english essay article then this special category might help you all guyz. in this article we will share Essay on Newspaper in English for all classs children and  student . Initially we have published 300 word and 1000 word article for Newspaper.

 

Essay on Newspaper in English

Essay on Newspaper

The origin of newspapers in India dates back to the 18th century. The first in this genre was published in English in Calcutta in 1790 by James Augustus HickyHis Bengal Gazette was the first English newspaper and also the first printed newspaper in the Sub-continent.

This was followed by Bombay Herold in 1789 followed by Bombacy Courier the following year. This paper finally merged with the Times of India in 1861 But the first newspaper published in any of the native Indian languages was in 1818 with the publication of Sonalchar Darpun in Bengali, and the first Hindi newspaper Samachar SudhaVar shan began its circulation in 1854. Prior to that a newspaper in Kannada language Mangaloory Samachara was published in 1843 and the first Malayalam newspaper Rajyasamacharam started circulation in 1847.

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The first Marathi newspaper was Dyanprakash and the first Tamil newspaper । was Swadesmitan

According to the data made available by the Registrar of Newspapers for India RNI) for the year 2010-11, the number of newspapers and periodicals published in India was 82,222 . This included 10205 dailies, 394 bi-tri-weeklies , 27321 weeklies, 10422 fortnightlies, 25,072 monthlies, 5,208 quarterlies719 annuals and 2,881 othersThese newspapers were published in as many as 152 languages and dialects during the year 2010-11.

The largest number of these (32793) was published in Hindi followed by 11,478 in English. There were 5,643 bilin gual newspapers. Except for Kashmiri language the daily newspapers were brought out in all the principal languages of the country and they were published from all states and union territoes

The state ranking number one in this respect is Uttar Pradesh with the publication of 13,065 newspapersThe state ranked number one even in the matters of dailies with 1,909 newspapers.

The oldest existing newspaper is Bombay Samachar, a Gujarati newspaper published from Bombay since 1822 The office of the Registrar of Newspapers for India (RNI) came into existence on 1st July, 1956 on the recommendation of the first Press Com mission in 1953 and by amending the Press and Registration of Books Act, 1867.

The functions of RNI are both statutory and non-statutory Statutory functions include compilation and maintenance of a register of newspapers con taining particulars are all the newspapers pub lished in the countryIt also includes issuance of certificates of registration to the newspapers published under valid declarations. It scrutinises and analyses annual statements sent by the pub lishers of newspapers every year.

The RNI in forms the district magistrates about availability of titles to the intending publishers for filing declarations and it ensures that newspapers are published in accordance with the provisions of the Press and Registration of Books Acts Non-statutory functions include the formu lation of newsprint allocation policy with guidelines and on competence to issue eligibility certificates to the newspapers enabling them to procure indigenous newsprint.

The RNI assesses the requirements and needs of newspaper es tablishments to import printing and composing machinery and allied materials before certify. ing the same . The national readership survey (NRS) initiated in 1974 was aimed at providing data as basis for buying and selling advertising space in the press mediumIt also provides data on comparative exposure levels to other major mass media like television, cinema andradio.

To wriggle out of the monopoly of the NRssome media got together to form Indian readership survey (IRS) in 1994 primarily to offer the mem bers a readership and market study to rival the NRSIRS is a continuous readership study with a sample of over 2,50,000 and data is collected and released every six months to mitigate any seasonal biases.

Both NRs and IRS subsequently merged into what came to be known as Reader ship Studies Council of India (RSCI).

It was soon felt necessary to lay down a stan dard and uniform procedure by which a mem- ber publisher should compare its net paid sales Audit Bureau of circulation (ABCcame into being to address this issue.

This is done by hav ing the circulation figure checked and certified by a firm of chartered accountants approved by the BureauIt issues ABC certificates very six months to those publishers whose circula tion figures conform to the rules and regula tions set out by the BureauPress Information Bureau (PIB) is a nodal agency entrusted with the task of disseminating information to print and electronic media on government policies programme initiatives and achievements

This is done by press releases, press notes, feature arti cles, background paperspress briefings, photographs press conferences, interviews, database available on Bureaus websitepress toursetc Then there are news agencies like Press Trust of India (PTI), United News of India (UNI), and Press Council of India that provide efficient and unbiased news to all subscribers The Press Councilof India functions under the Press Coun cil of India Act, 1978. It is a statutoryquasi judicial body, acting as a watchdog of the press It adjudicates the complaints, if anyagainst the press for violation of ethics and for violation of the freedom of the pressrespectively.

Prasar Bharati is the largest public broadcaster in India. It is an autonomous body that comprises Door darshan (DD) television and All India Radio (AIR) networks. These were earlier tagged with the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, GOI.

One would be tempted to conclude that with the mushrooming of television news channels the importance of newspapers will have taken a severe beating That, however, is not the casefor a large number of people still believe that it is the printed words that carry conviction.

There is no denying that electronic media has invaded our reading space, but it has certainly not replaced newspapers. There is no substitute to reading.

If viewership has increased, it has not done so at the cost of readership. Fleeting moments may excite, but they do not usually have a lasting impact chiefly because there is no scope for re ferring back to them A newspaper has the stay ing power because it can always be referred back to and retrievals from the archives can be made with comparative easeViewing may be a trill, but reading is always a pleasure Newspapers thereforehave created permanent space in the minds of reading public.

Newspapers play a very important part in our day-to-day life. Electronic media can never play that role with the same de gree of efficacy as newspapers.

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Written by

Mukesh Sharma

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