APJ Abdul Kalam Essay in English 500 1000 word article

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APJ Abdul Kalam Essay

APJ Abdul Kalam Essay 500 word

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam popularly known as the Missile Man of India is a scientist and the 11th President of India. He is the epit ome of modestykindness and is a soft-spoken person. He believes in high thinking and simple living. Dr. Kalam was born on 15 October, 1931 at Rameswaram small town in Tamil Nadu. He completed his school education from Rameswaram Elementary School and went on to study B.Sc. Physics from Saint Joseph College Tiruchirappali, graduating in 1954.

He got his Masters Degree in acrospace engineering from Madras Institute of Technology in 1960. He has been conferred with several honorary doctorates yet his formal education stopped at the master’sdegree In 1960 Dr. Kalam joined the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the Defence Re search and Development Organisation (DRDO) as the chief scientist.

He was the Project Director of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) and helped in developing the PSLV with which India became capable of launching its Re mote Sensing satellitesHe played a pivotal role in India’s Pokhran-II nuclear test in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974. Indira Gandhi, the former Prime Minister of India recognised the worth of Kalams brilliant mind and named him the Chief Executive for Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP). He played a major role in developing intermediate ballistic missiles (IBMs) including Agni and Prithvi, the tactical surface to surface missiles. He was the Chief Scientific Advisor to the Prime Minister and the Secretary, Defence Research and Development Organisation from 1992 to 1997

On 25 July 2002, he was elected the 11th pres ident of India. He is the first scientist and first bachelor to occupy the Rashtrapati BhavanHe was popularly known as people’s president and was voted JIndia’s Best President. For his ex cellence and brilliance, Dr. Kalam was awarded Padma Bhushan in 1981, Padma Vibhushan in 1990 and Bharat Ratna in 1997 Dr. Kalam is a man of vision. He has a dream to make India a developed country by 2020. In his bookITadia 2020: A Vision for the New Millen , he has examined the strengths and weak nesses of India as a nation. He has discussed many aspects on how to make India an economic superpower by 2020At present, Dr. Kalam devotes his time to visit several schools and undertake social workHe is very popular among children and believes that they are the future of the countryHis popular words to children are: “You have todream before your dreams can come true”

 

APJ Abdul Kalam Essay in English 1000

 

Dr. A.P.I. Abdul Kalam Regarded as an ideal Indian and a source of inspiration for the future generationsPresident Dr. A.PJAbdul Kalam was born on October 15 1931 in an ordinary Tamil family of Ramesh waram in Tamil Nadu. His full name is Abul Pakir Jainulabedin Abdul Kalam His father Jain- ulabedin and mother Aashiamma were a simple and religious-minded couple.

They held an hon- ourable place in the society and were regarded as an ideal couple. They lived in ajoint family Kalams father was a simple person. He never cared for luxuries and gave more importance to rational thoughts and human values. The se- nior-most priest of Rameshwaram temple, Pt. Lakshman Shastri was his dear friend.

They used to have long spiritual discussions and Kalam as a boy listened attentively to those discussionsAl though Kalam could not understand everything but his thinking has been largely influenced by it.

During his childhood, Abdul Kalam partook his meals with his mother sitting on the kitchen floor. His mother used to spread a banana leaf before him and serve him a simple meal of gar- nished ricetasty sambhar, home made pickles and fresh coconut chutney.

Right from his childhood Dr. Kalam was honest, God fearinglabourious and simpletraits which he inherited from his parents. Dr. Kalams childhood was deeply influenced by his cousin Shamsuddin who was the sole dis tributor of newspapers in RameshwaramDur ing those days there was great demand for Di namani, a Tamil newspaper.

Though Kalam had not yet learnt to read yet he satisfied himself by looking at the pictures, when Shamsuddin used to bring the newspaper.

When Second World War started in 1939 Kalam was only 8 years old. During those days there was a sudden increase in demand for tamarind seeds in the market. Although Kalam did not know the reason, he started collect ing tamarind seeds and selling them at grocery shops.

This way he earned one anna everyday During that time emergency was announced in India because of the Second World War. As a result, the trains did not stop at Rameshwaram station. In that situation bundles of newspa pers were thrown from the moving train be tween Rameshwaram and Dhanushkodi station. At that time Shamsuddin felt the need of an as sistant who could assist him in picking up those bundles.

Child Kalam was well prepared to help him and in this way he earned his first salary from his cousin Shamsuddin.

In his childhood, Kalam used to wear a skull cap, which is a symbol of being a Muslim. At that time Kalam was a student of class V in a primary school. Once a new teacher came to his class. Kalam was sitting in the front row with his friend Ramanand shastri.

The new teacher did not like a Hindu boy sitting next to a Muslim boy So he ordered Kalam to sit at the last bench Child Kalam did not like this. Ramanand Shastri too was very much grieved by this behaviour of the teacher.

When Lakshman Shastri, Ramanand Shastri’s father came to know about it he called theteacher and reprimanded himYou should not sow the seeds of religious discrimination in the hearts ofinnocent children.”

The teacher apologized for his behaviour and eventually a great change came in his attitude Having completed the primary education, Kalam was admitted to Swartz High School in Ramanathapuram. He had to stay in the school hostel. While at Ramanathapuram he very often missed his parents, his home and especially the South Indian sweetmeat poli prepared by his mother.

In spite of his great love for home, Kalam was fully dedicated to his studies because his parents and teachers had high expectations from him He worked very hard to achieve his aim and nothing could deter him from his firm determi nation.

Once, during his school days, it so happened that the maths teacher Ramakrishna Aiyyar was teaching in another classUnknowingly Kalam entered the class roomSeeing thisthe teacher immediately caught hold off him by his neck and hit him with a rod before the entire class.

Later, when Kalam secured the highest marks in mathematics, Ramakrishna Aiyyar narrated the episode at the time of morning prayer before everyone. He announced, The boy whom I beat with a rod will become a great man one day Mark my words, this student is going to become the pride of his school and teachers.

Since childhood, Kalam developed a deep lik ing for the mysteries of the sky, and the flight of birds across the seas. He enjoyed the sight Of cranes flying over the sea and long flights of birdsHe decided that one day he too would go for long flights in the sky. Later he was the first person in Rameshwaram to fly in a plane .

When Kalam completed his schooling, he was brimming with enthusiasm and confidence Without a second thought he entered Saint Joseph College, Tiruchirapalli, in 1950. During his college days he worked hard. He was a very disciplined student.

When he was a final year student in the college he developed a great liking for English LiteratureHe read all the available books on English literature by great writers such as Tolstoy, Scott, Hardyetc. Also when he was a student of the final year he developed a deep in clination towards PhysicsHe felt great pleasure in reading about the highest knowledge of as tronomy, particularly our solar system To fulfil his dream Kalam decided to study Engineering after his B.Sc. fro Saint Joseph Col lege. For thishe needed at least one thousand rupees, but his father did not have that much money.

It was his elder sister Johra who came to his rescue. She mortgaged her gold bangles and necklace and got Kalam admitted to Madras In stitute of Technology (MIT). At that time Kalam had a single ambition – to be a pilot.

Modesty is a good quality but Kalam had to face many difficulties at MIT because of it. Be cause of his humble nature, he was quite hesi tant to ask questions or reply to them in front of everyone in the class. That is whyhis fellow students used to make fun of himKalam was depressed about it.

He lost his self-confidence During those days, he used to remember his father’s teachings and inspirational advicesHis father often said: “One who understands oth ers, learnsbut a person is called wise when he understands himself. Learning without wisdom is nothing but crammed knowledge, it is of no use. Knowing oneself is much important. This thought brought self-confidence in him and he was recharged with enthusiasm for achieving his aim.

During his studies in MIT, Kalam was inspired by three teachers – ProfSpander, Prof. K.A. B. Panadalaiin and Prof.

Narsingha Rao to give his thoughts a concrete formKalam was able to construct his work field with the joint as sistance of these teachers which laid the founda tion of his life

After completing his third year from Madras Institute of Technologyhe joined as a techni cal instructor at the Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. After becoming an aeronautical engineer from Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. he got two excel lent job opportunities and both of which were enough to fulfil his childhood dreams One was in the Indian Air Force and the other was in the Technical Development and Production Di rectorateMinistry of Defence. Kalam prepared well with full dedication and hard labour. He was very much assured of his selection in the Indian Air Force.

But he was deeply disappointed when he came to know that out of 25 candidatesonly 8 had been selected and he had stood ninth. It was a great setback. He was disappointed but he soon recovered from this. Another chance yet remained with himHere he achieved success and was appointed as Technical Assistant in the Technical Development and Production Direc torate Ministry of DefenceGovt. of India.

In the 196Os Dr. Kalam joined the Vikram Sarabhai Space CentreThumba (Kerala). There he played a key role in the development of the first indigenous satellite launcher. After that in 1982, he worked as Director of the Defence Research and the Development Organisation of India and was in charge of the Joint Controlled Launcher Development Programme.

After that he worked as a Scientific Advisor to the Defence Minister and later as a Defence Advisor to the Prime Minister. He also played a major role in the 1998 nuclear experiments.

Dr. Kalam was quite cooperative with his colleagues in the work front. He paid attention to their ideasHe never made an attempt to impose his ideas upon them He tried to maintain disciplinefaith and mu tual understanding in his teamHis behaviour was friendly with everyone. Because of these qualitiesKalam was a favourite among his col leagues. In spite of these, he has few friends in his private life. He has been totally dedicated to his work throughout his life and work has been his companion.

While serving the country in various ways Dr. Kalam not only fulfilled the dreams of his par ents and teachers but also his own. He put India in an equal position with advanced countries and thereby enhanced its honour and pride After retirement, Dr. Kalam taught at the Annamalai University in Tamil Nadu. He has been conferred with various prestigious awards.

In 1981 he was awarded the Padma Bhushank) in 1990, Padma Vibhushan, and in 1997, he was honoured with the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award. Besides this, he was awarded the Dr. Virender Roy Space Award, National Nehru Award and Arya Bhatt Award. Twenty-cight uni versities throughout the country awarded him the title of Doctor of Science

Undoubtedly we can assume Dr. Kalam as a fortunate person after having received so many awards and honours but he did not get any thing out of luck but as a result of sheer hard Work and strong determination.

He had to face obstacles throughout his life at every step There was problem of economic scarcitylack of will he worked as a Scientific Advisor to the Defence Minister and later as a Defence Advisor to the Prime Minister. He also played a major role in the 1998 nuclear experiments. Dr. Kalam was quite cooperative with his colleagues in the work front.

He paid attention to their ideas He never made an attempt to impose his ideas upon them. He tried to maintain disciplinefaith and mu tual understanding in his teamHis behaviour was friendly with everyone. Because of these qualitiesKalam was a favourite among his col leagues. In spite of these, he has few friends in his private life. He has been totally dedicated to his work throughout his life and work has been his companion.

While serving the country in various waysDr. Kalam not only fulfilled the dreams of his par ents and teachers but also his own. He put India in an equal position with advanced countries and thereby enhanced its honour and pride After retirement, Dr. Kalam taught at the An- namalai University in Tamil Nadu. He has been conferred with various prestigious awards.

In 1981 he was awarded the Padma Bhushank) in 1990, Padma Vibhushan, and in 1997, he was honoured with the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award. Besides this, he was awarded the Dr. Virender Roy Space Award, National Nehru Award and Arya Bhatt Award. Twenty-cight universities throughout the country awarded him the title of Doctor of Science

Undoubtedly we can assume Dr. Kalam as a fortunate person after having received so many awards and honours but he did not get any thing out of luck but as a result of sheer hard Work and strong determination.

He had to face obstacles throughout his life at every stepThere was problem of economic scarcitylack of will power, non-cooperation of colleagues, and bit terness, failures, ironical comments and many other thingsbut nothing could deter him from the path. On account of this Dr. Kalam devel oped more modesty in his behaviour after every achievement.

Whether it was the assignment as a scientist or as a teacher, whatever work he was given, he ac complished it sincerely During his tenure as a teacher in Annamalai UniversityDr. Kalam was nominated as the President of India. On 25th July 2002, he was elected the 12th President of India. He took oath as a president under Chief Justice B.N. Kripal.

As President, Dr. Kalam replied strictly to the criticism of those people who were protesting strongly against a scientist being appointed as President, who had the image of a missile man Dr. Kalams heart is as soft as a child’s although he has firm determination and will power in achieving his aim. He forgets himself in the com pany of children and becomes a part of themHe regards children as a seed in which the future tree is hidden He is of the view that children are the future of India.

He has not only hopes from the young generation, but also has full faith in themHe has the dream of educating each and every child of India and it is his mes sage that we should nurture high dreams and at the same time create confidence in our heart to transform those dreams intorealitybecause this thought only can take our country towards path of progress.

Dr. Kalam believes that by 2020, our country will be able to become a developed country To transform his ideas into a solid formDr. Kalam has many plans These programmes can turn to a realitybut it is not possible only by the inspiration of a few selected Indians, for that every Indian has to work together. He accepts that the role of the younger generation is of utmost importance in the development of a na tionTherefore he considers the Indian youth as the most powerful resource and inspires them to work unitedly.

He opines that if you are a good manthen you can perform every job in the best manner. For example, if we take the instance of Dr. Kalams personality then he is a capable sci entist, an ideal teacher besides being a wonder ful colleague and an excellent writer. He has not only a good knowledge of Indian classical music, but he is a perfect violin player tooHe also has interest in gardening.

He feels unlimited peace of mind and pleasure in the company of nature He has a very busywork schedule, but even then he has kept a few regular habits such as morning walk, prayer, yoga, head massage with coconut oil before bath and drinking a glass of milk be fore retiring at night.

He always says that keep every moment busy and meaningful, but at the same timealways take out time to feel the fragrance of flowers or to watch the myriad colours of butterties Dr. Kalam has this message for the young gen eration As a young citizen of India, armed with technology knowledge and love for my nation, Irealise, small aim is a crime I will work and sweat for a great vision the vision of transforming India into a developed nation powered by economic strength with value system I am one of the citizens of a billion only the vision will ignite the billion souls.

It has entered into me , the ignited souls compared to any resource, is the most powerful resource on the earth, above the earth and under the earth.

I will keep the lamp of knowledge burning to achieve the vision Developed India. While delivering a lecture at the Indian Insti tute of Management Shillong, Kalam collapsed and died from an apparent cardiac arrest on 27 July 2015, aged 83 His death was mourned across the nation with thousands including national level dignitaries attending the funeral cer emony hold in his hometown of Rameshwaram where he buried with full state honours.

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Mukesh Sharma

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