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Nelson Mandela Essay in English
Nelson Mandela was born Rolihlahla Dalibhunga in a small village in the Eastern Cape on July 181918. Madiba was his clan nameHe was named Nelson by a teacher at school. He joined the African National Congress (ANC) in 1943 andin 1952, started the first black law firm with his partner, oliver Tambo With South Africa then facing the prospects of a civil war because of the policy of apartheid, he Sought reconciliation with the white minority that had kept him in prison for 27 long years to build a new democracy.
He led the ANC to victory in the countrys first election in 1994. Unlike other African liber action leaders who cling to power, Mandela voluntarily stepped down after one termIt was a transcendent act of forgiveness after spending 27 years in prison, which alone will ensure his place in historyHe died on 7th December, 2013 at the age of 95.
When ANC was banned in 1960, Mandela had gone undergroundBut he resurfaced after the Sharpe ville massacre, in which 69 black protestors were shot dead by police to lead an armed struggle. He was arrested and charged with sabotage and attempting to overthrow the government. He escaped the death penalty but was sentenced to life imprisonment. But as unrest grer and international pressure on the apartheid regime mounted, the ban on ANC was lifted and he was released from the prison in 1990 by the for his own fate.
He lived by the principle that bitterness and hate can achieve no lasting good Despite the punishments heaped on him by a brutal apartheid regime he did not seek revenge. He sought reconciliation and peace instead to lay foundations for a united South Africa. This is his legacy. It is not for nothing that he is placed alongside Gandhi, though he himself conceded
he was not a saintly person like Gandhi. But like Gandhi, he believed that exclusionist politics could never work in a multicultural society like South Africa and he strived all his life to create an inclusive polity. And he largely succeeded. Even his bitter critics could not help respecting and admiring him for his towering intellect and impeccable integrity
Mandela never used his personal tragedies to score political points. His charm and wit saw him at ease with other heads of state, rock stars activists and the people of South Africa’s ghettos Democracy may have failed in other parts of Africa, but not in South Africa thanks largely to the exemplary vision of Mandela. He faced tremendous adversity in his life personal life being in disarray—but not once did he seek to subvert the principles of democracy.
Given his stature people would have easily accepted any diktat from himHe was truly an inclusive and modern leader the likes of which the world will not get to see in any near time.
The greatest tribute to him will be to adhere to the values he stood for. His departure from the scene has created a cataclysmic upheaval of sorrow all over the world, though it was known that the end was near. As Barack Obama said, He no longer belongs to us.
He belongs to the ages.” He was diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2001 and retired from public lifeIn June 2013he was taken to hospital with a recurring lung infection but returned home where his bedroom was converted into an intensive care unit. He was last seen in public at the 2010 World Cup final in Johannesburg, a tournament he helped bring to South Africa for the first time
Mandela was a charming and charismatic figure with a passion for boxing and an eye for women. He married thriceHe married Evelyn Mase in 1944, divorced her in 1957 and the following year he married Winnie Madikizela, who campaigned for his release and also became a key figure in the struggle.
He married Graca Machel, a human rights activist, in 1998He fathered six children and has twenty grandchildren. Mandela, one of the greatest men in the world, had a heartbreaking family life. His life of 95 years is a legacy.
But it is also a story of loss and loneliness-separation from family for almost three decades two broken marriages, and the death of three of his six children
Nelson Mandela Essay
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was the son of one of South Africa’s leading dignitaries, Chief Henry Mandela of the Thembu tribe Born on 18th July, 1918, Rolihlahla was adopted by Jongintaba Dalindyebo, a high ranking Thembu regent after the death of his (Rolihlahla’s) father in 1927. Mandela was then trained by his new guardian for a role within the tribal leadership.
The first in his family, Mandela Completed his primary education at a local missionary School. He studied law at the University of Witwatersrand, where he became involved in the movement against racial discrimination and forged key relationships with Black and White activists.
In 1944, Mandela joined the African National Congress (ANC) and worked with fellow party members, including Oliver Tambo, to establish its youth league, the ANCVL. Nelson Mandela’s Commitment to politics and the ANC grew stronger after the 1948 election victory of the Afrikaner dominated National Party, which introduced a formal system of racial classification and segregation-apartheid, that prohibited non-whites basic rights maintaining white minority rule,
The following year, the ANC adopted ANCYL’s plan to achieve full citizenship for all South Africans through boycotts, strikes, Civil disobedience and other non-violent methods. Mandela helped lead the ANC’s 1952 campaign for the Defiance of Unjust LaWS, travelling across countries to organise protests against discriminatory policies, and promoted the manifesto knOW71 2S LIC Freedom Charter, ratified by the Congress of the People in 1955 Also in 1952, Mandela and Tambo opened South Africa’s first firm which offered free or low-cost legal counsel to those affected by apartheid legislation.
On 5th December, 1956, Mandela and 155 others were arrested went on trial for treason. Similarly, Mandela’s struggle Cont- for years-protests imprisonment, Non-violent resistance etc.
Finally, in the 1990s, Mandela led the ANC in its negotiations with governing National Party and various other South African political organisations to end apartheid and allow a multiracial government. The talks earned Mandela the Nobel Peace Prize in December 1993 In the elections of 1994, ANC won the National Elections of South Africa and Mandela was sworn in as the President of the country.
As President, Mandela established the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate human rights and political violations committed by both supporters and opponents of apartheid between 1960 and 1994. He also instituted many Social and economic । reforms to improve the conditions of Blacks in South Africa.
After retiring from politics in 1998, Mandela remained a devoted champion for peace and social justice in his own country and around the world. In 2002, Mandela campaigned for AIDS awareness and treatment programmes. The disease later claimed the life of his son.
Diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2001, Mandela grew very weak in later years. In 2009, 18 July was declared as ‘Nelson Mandela ‘International Day’. He died on 9 December, 2013 from a recurring lung infection. Nelson Mandela was an international hero, with ‘ideologies that sharply resembled those of India’s Mahatma Gandhi.
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